I am a historian of the multiple globalizations of Islam and Muslims. After beginning my career as a historian of India and Pakistan, I have traced Muslim networks that connect Afghanistan, Iran, the Indian Ocean, Africa, Japan, Europe and America.
- Global history
- Early modern and modern history of India/Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and Central Asia;
- Muslims in global history
- Muslim interactions with the non-Muslim world
- the Indian Ocean
- Persian & Urdu travel writing
- Islamic printing