- Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1990
- M.A., Middlebury College, 1988; M.A., University of Michigan, 1986
- B.A., University of California, Berkeley, 1983
Fields of Interest
Postcolonial Literature and Theory; Literary and Cultural Theory; European Representation of the Middle East; Victorian Novel and Travel Literature; US Immigration History; 19th Century Photography of/in the Middle East.